Many devices have been invented to accurately measure temperature.
It all started with the establishment of a temperature
scale. This scale transformed the measurement of temperature into meaningful
In the early years of the eighteenth century, Gabriel Fahrenheit
(1686-1736) created the Fahrenheit scale.
He set the freezing point of water at 32 degrees and the boiling point at
212 degrees. These two points formed the anchors for his scale.
Later in that century, around 1743, Anders Celsius (1701-1744)
invented the Celsius scale. Using the same anchor points, he determined
the freezing temperature for water to be 0 degree and the boiling
temperature 100 degrees. The Celsius scale is known as a Universal
System Unit. It is used throughout science and in most countries.
There is a limit to how cold something can be. The Kelvin scale is
designed to go to zero at this minimum temperature.
At a temperature of Absolute Zero there is no motion and no heat.
Absolute zero is where all atomic and molecular motion stops and is the
lowest temperature possible.
Absolute Zero occurs at 0 degrees Kelvin or -273.15 degrees Celsius or
at -460 degrees Farenheit.