Adaptive Optics Improves Ground Based Astronomy
The development of Adaptive Optics removes the blurring of ground-based
astronomical images. This distortion of the light from space is caused
by turbulence in Earth's atmosphere.
Basically, adaptive optics takes a sample of light and
calculates how it has been distorted by the atmosphere. Deformable
mirrors are then used to correct for this distortion and straighten the light.
Adaptive optics works best at longer wavelength, producing excellent results
for infrared telescopes.
This system greatly improves the resolution of images taken by
ground-based infrared observatories.